Exercise 5: The ruins of Great Zimbabwe

1.

It was built on a hill with terraces all around and a palace complex in the center and a city leading down into the valley. The location is 30 kilometers south-east of Masvingo.

2.

It was built for the king and his priests and soldiers. From the time of the iron age, many people moved there causing it to overpopulate.

3.

Due to overpopulation, they expanded down into the valley. In the fourth century, the first people settled there and started to work on the now ruined city of Great Zimbabwe.

4.

Research has proven that no foreigners helped in the construction of Great Zimbabwe.

5.

It was discovered in the 1870s and the rumor was started that it was the source of King Solomons gold and since then diggers, looters, and murderers made it the way it is today

The Africans did build it themselves and it is genius.

 

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Exercise 4: The history of Bollywood

Advent: The beginning of sound

Indigenous: Local or new their own

Lucrative: Rich or money dense

Exponentially: A lot, immensely

Irrevocably: Completely, irreversibly

2.

Went nuts over: Went crazy, loved it

Ultimate chocolate-box hero: Loving the hero

Strutted their steroid-enhanced stuff: Strutted their excessively muscular bodies

3.

Everybody could understand, there were no language barriers because of the multitude of languages that they have.

4.

Romantic chick flix.

5.

It started in 1896 with short films. D.G. Phalke was inspired by The Life Of Christ that he saw in London in 1913. Raja Harishchandra was the first feature film by D.G. Phalke. Silent film became popular because it bridged the hundreds of language barriers. The Indian upper class moved between England and India causing film to boom.

1931 sound came to the Indian cinema and song and dance became popular and split the industry along the language lines Hindi, Tamil, and Telegu. Sound prevented western films from being exhibited and isolation came to Indian cinemas. This allowed for a boom in the Indian film industry. In the 1930s many film studios existed but with independent studios ‘popping up’ they went out of business.

The 1940s saw the emergence of the ‘playback singer’. The 1950s became the golden age of the  Indian cinema with world-renowned films still remembered today. The 1960s saw the dawn of the brightly coloured romances. The 1970s the ultimate chocolate-box hero was born Amitabh Bachchan.

The 1980s saw a decline in the popularity of the film industry due to the disco era. In the early 1990s saw a return of the romantic films and the birth of ‘filmi’ music videos.

The new millennium has brought on challenges as never seen before and depending on the industry’s adaptability will ensure its success.

6.

“All of which only get better with time” The writer believes that the films only get better with time.

“Steroid-enhanced stuff”  The writer disapproves of how the actors were built at the time.